What Is The Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes During Pregnancy?

Posted On: September 25, 2015 By Daniel Saltzman, MD

Type 1 Diabetes, formerly known as juvenile diabetes, occurs when people do not make any insulin. (Insulin is the hormone needed to control our blood sugars.)  People usually develop Type 1 diabetes early in life.  When they become pregnant, we call them pregestational diabetics, or people who had the diagnosis of diabetes before they got pregnant.  They are a higher-risk group than patients whose diabetes initially developed in pregnancy.  Patients whose diabetes developed while pregnant are classified as gestational diabetics.  Type 1 diabetics do not generally make insulin within their bodies, and require insulin injections to control their blood sugars.

Type 2 Diabetics are patients who actually make some insulin on their own, but not enough to adequately control their blood sugars.  Type 2 diabetes is most commonly found in people who are older, who are overweight or obese, and the condition is typically controlled with diet and oral medications. But sometimes, even Type 2 diabetics require supplemental insulin injections.

Carnegie Imaging for Women blogs are intended for educational purposes only and do not replace certified professional care. Medical conditions vary and change frequently. Please ask your doctor any questions you may have regarding your condition to receive a proper diagnosis or risk analysis. Thank you!

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