A cleft lip or cleft palate happens when your baby’s upper lip and mouth doesn’t form completely. This results in an opening and is present at birth. Oral clefts (or orofacial clefts) occur in about 1 in 1,000 babies in the Unite States, meaning it’s a relatively common birth defect. It often happens early in
Posts By / Nathan D. Fox, MD
Subchorionic hematomas, or subchorionic hemorrhages, are common ultrasound findings in early pregnancy. However, their significance is uncertain. Some believe they increase the risk of many pregnancy complications, including pregnancy loss / miscarriage. In this study of almost 3000 women, we found that Subchorionic hematoma does not increase the risk of pregnancy loss prior to 20
When a patient experiences a blood clot in the leg (deep venous thrombosis) or of the lungs (pulmonary embolism), these can be life-threatening emergencies. Women with a history of a blood clot are at increased risk of recurrence during pregnancy. However, that risk is influenced by the circumstances surrounding the original blood clot. For example,
Interpregnancy interval (IPI) refers to the time between the birth of one child and conception of the next. Both short and a long IPI’s have been associated with increased risks in the second pregnancy, including preterm birth, low birth weight, and preeclampsia. Practically, this information is sometimes used to advise women how to best plan
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks the intestinal tract, specifically the large colon, causing pain, diarrhea, and weight loss. It has many similarities to Crohns disease, but Crohns affects any part of the gastrointestinal tract. Signs or symptoms of UC includes pain, rectal bleeding, diarrhea, and poor weight gain.
A type of parasite called Toxoplasma gondhii causes toxoplasmosis. The infection can be acquired by humans when eating undercooked meat of infected animals, insect contamination of food, contact with toxoplasma in the feces of infected cats, or by infected materials in soil. Toxoplasmosis Infection of Adults and Pregnant Women Infections for adults are typically asymptomatic,