What is Cell-Free DNA Screening? Cell-free DNA or cfDNA, refers to the fragments of fetal DNA found in the mother’s blood during a pregnancy. cfDNA is particularly helpful in conducting tests regarding the developing fetus during pregnancies in a minimally invasive way. The majority of the cfDNA found in the blood comes from the placenta
In preparation for pregnancy, it is important to know about the potential risks and conditions that can occur with pregnancy, how to spot them, and when to seek treatment. Fibroids are the most common benign gynecological tumors and can be found in 1%-10% of women during pregnancy according to the Society for Maternal Fetal Medicine.
Noninvasive prenatal screening (NIPS) that uses cell-free DNA (cfDNA) from the plasma of pregnant women offers tremendous potential as a screening method for fetal aneuploidy. ACOG and SMFM recommended it as a screening option for women at increased risk of aneuploidy such as AMA, or women with positive first or second trimester screening test results.
Over the last decade, there has been a resurgence in the popularity of long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCS) among reproductive age women. Amongst the LARCS, the intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) is the most commonly used. The two kinds of IUDs that are most frequently used are the copper-containing devices (e.g ParaGard, Copper T-380A) and the hormone-releasing
Interpregnancy interval (IPI) refers to the time between the birth of one child and conception of the next. Both short and a long IPI’s have been associated with increased risks in the second pregnancy, including preterm birth, low birth weight, and preeclampsia. Practically, this information is sometimes used to advise women how to best plan
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is an autoimmune disease where the immune system attacks the intestinal tract, specifically the large colon, causing pain, diarrhea, and weight loss. It has many similarities to Crohns disease, but Crohns affects any part of the gastrointestinal tract. Signs or symptoms of UC includes pain, rectal bleeding, diarrhea, and poor weight gain.